A Byzantine Greek Icon "The Raising of Lazarus", Beginning Or Second Half of 17th Century

$5,102.62

Shipping to United States: $56.70

A primitive Medieval Art Byzantine Icon, handmade and hand painted during the beginning or second half of the 17th century. Painted with egg tempera with gold leaf gilding, mineral and other pigments on a wood panel surfaced with gesso. The back is mostly bare wood, with two vertical battens.

The subject of the icon is "The Raising of Lazarus". This medieval Greek icon depicts Jesus' disciples on left standing behind Christ with his right hand raised blessing Lazarus of Bethany while Lazarus' sisters are kneeling before Him. On the right scene, Lazarus is wrapped in a shroud and emerging from the tomb while two men is in front of his tomb removing the stone cover and un-wrapping the shroud. The reduced form of Jesus Christ's name with inscription language in Greek is painted in upper right of Christ's head consisting of two pairs of letters in Greek IC XC. In three visible sides within Jesus's halo, the Greek word O Ѡ N is written, which means “I AM”. That manner appeared in the 11th century. This inscription highlights the Divine nature of Jesus Christ in accordance with the revelation Moses got from the bush: “I am Who I am” (Exodus 3:14).

The Raising of Lazarus is a miracle of Jesus, in which Jesus brings Lazarus back to life four days after his burial. The resurrection of Lazarus is a miracle of Jesus recounted in the Gospel of John (John 11:1–44). It is the last of the miracles that Jesus performs before the Passion and his own resurrection. Theologians view the raising of Lazarus as a "pivotal miracle" which starts the chain of events that leads to the crucifixion of Jesus. They consider it as a resurrection that will lead to death, in that the raising of Lazarus will lead to the death of Jesus, the Son of God, in Jerusalem which will reveal the Glory of God.

This icon is among the icons of the twelve festivals of the Church. The icons which represent those festivals are called ‘The Icons of The Feasts’ and are located in the order of the liturgical year. They can be taken out and placed on a lectern in front of an iconostasis in order to be adored by believers. The festival icons depict important events of the New Testament, which prove that Christ’s entire life was for the redemption of mankind. The scenes of the festival icons are as follows: The Nativity of Our Lady, The Presentation of the Theotokos, The Annunciation, The Nativity of Christ, The Baptism of Jesus (the ‘Theophany’), The Transfiguration, The Raising of Lazarus, The Entry into Jerusalem, The Crucifixion, The Resurrection (The Descent into Limbo), The Ascension, The Pentecost, or The Descent of the Holy Spirit (sometimes an icon of The Holy Trinity takes its place), and The Dormition of Our Lady. Icons of The Elevation of the Cross and Our Lady of the Pokrov (Our Lady’s Mantle), as well as icons of other festivals.

Provenance: From an old Hampstead property collection estate sale.
Dimensions: 34cm H x 32cm W.
Condition : This antique icon is in it's original state with no repairs and no restoration. Some losses within the paint layer and darkened surface areas probably from candle soot that obscured the paint colors, the wood panel has horizontal splits on the near midline and below. Random and irregular craquelure through the layers.
A remarkable piece of European Medieval art that is sure one to be collected by medieval art lovers.


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I have a high regard for my collection as i scourge them out on my own with an eagle eye. Collecting antiques and vintage items especially Chinese and oriental antiques and vintage items has been my passion for most of my life, However there is always a subjective element with antiques and sometimes i may get it wrong, that is why I always try to learn everyday about them.

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